Meet Our Corresponding Members: Dr. Rubina Hakeem

Dr. Rubina Hakeem

Where are you from?

 Raana Liaqat Ali Khan Government College of Home Economics Karachi Pakistan


Tell us about your work in general and about the survey you contributed to GDD.

I am a Nutritionist with the background of Home Economics. I study how people choose and use food at home can affect their health. I have been interested in finding out how can we improve the food-related practices of families living in Karachi. Thus I tried to find the nutritional status of families and their food-related practices at various income levels so that we can find out domains of food systems at each income level that can be made healthier.

The data I contributed is from a study that explored the nutritional status of urban affluence children.

A total of 780 adolescents (352 girls and 428 boys) ranging between the age of 10 yr. to 15yr. participated in the study. Data was collected through questionnaires concerning food frequency and eating habits. The questionnaire was filled by the respondents themselves in the classrooms. Anthropometric measurements including height, weight, waist-hip ratio, mid-upper arm circumference, and skin fold thickness were taken to observe the nutritional status of the adolescents.

The diet of the adolescents studied did not appear to be balanced. Their diet mostly comprised of fatty and sugary food in the form of snacks (13.61 times/week) along with beverages (16.46 t/wk). Boys mostly consumed meat (12.26 t/wk), cereals (19.71 t/wk), beverages (18.30 t/wk), snacks (15.60 t/wk) and desserts (13.60 t/wk), whereas girls ate fruits (13.24 t/wk) more frequently than boys. It appears that adolescents having above-average BMI were either consuming foods less frequently because of being conscious of their body image or they might have underreported their food intake. The dietary intake pattern of taller adolescents was apparently better than of their shorter counter parts. Most of the adolescents were found to have irregular food habits (55.6%). Adolescent boys followed regular food habits more frequently (80%) as compared to girls. Adolescents having above-average BMI and those having below average height had regular food habits more often than those who were relatively taller and thinner.


How did you become interested in the field of nutrition?

I became interested in the field of nutrition at age 10 when I studied Home Economics in grade 6 in school. I joined a Home Economics group at secondary and higher secondary level so I got to know more about food and nutrition. I majored in Food and nutrition at graduate at post graduate levels, taught nutrition, and did my PhD in Nutrition from 1993-1997. Since then, I have been and am actively involved in contributing to human nutrition through teaching, research, and other activities at national and international levels.


What is one of the biggest nutritional challenges facing your country today?

Continuation of and escalation of nutrition problems in Pakistan in spite of several national-level projects undertaken in the previous 70 years is disappointing. The current situation is not so much due to lack of resources but mostly due to misuse and ignorance of professional expertise, lack of collaborations among professionals, and absence of systems, standardized processes, and surveillance. 

Western influences, TV, and internet have impacted the traditional eating habits of Pakistan people which has driven an increase in fast foods and fewer meals prepared and eaten at home. This influence has caused a rise in obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease although these diseases are also seen in those of normal weight.  

Although a few employers (mostly hospitals) now recognize the importance of qualified dietitians, there is no legal requirement for any specific credentials to serve as a nutritionist or dietitian. Qualified persons often have to implement nutrition-related decisions taken by professionals not qualified in nutrition.


How do you see GDD factoring into your research in the future?

I have been guiding several projects that included valuable dietary data that I or other team members could not get time to publish. I estimate collectivity it can get some valuable information about trends. Lack of availability of national data is a big issue locally. If GDD can get and I can get a chance to analyze it that would be very useful.


What directions or results do you hope to see in the field of global nutrition research in the future?

I hope GDD could convince UN’s and other relevant international agencies to encourage and assure public availability of dietary data form surveys supported by these agencies, assuring quality, validity of national level food consumption data, and dietary surveillance for all countries that get funding form these agencies.

I wish to see better use of data by having more uniformity in data collection/reporting methods by the availability of affordable/free data collection tools. Also, ongoing projects for collecting information about methods of food preparation and patterns of consumption i.e. combination of foods, use of utensils, additives, adulterants, the accuracy of labeling etc. I believe these variables influence health outcomes, especially in developing countries.

Thank you to Dr. Rubina Hakeem for contributing to this quarter's Meet Our Corresponding Members section.

This interview has been edited for clarity.


Submitted by sophya87 on Mon, 08/28/2023 - 03:38


There are numerous well-known video games today, but you might not be familiar with this one. Spend some time playing it to see how fantastic it is! run 3

Submitted by Antaram on Wed, 08/30/2023 - 22:07


Start the octordle game by entering the first five guessed letters in the blank boxes on the screen, just like when playing Wordle. Your guesses are counted in the four quadrants each time. Choosing properly is important since you only have 13 chances to predict all 8 words correctly.

Submitted by xeneniusdy on Tue, 09/05/2023 - 05:28


Autobiographies often have strict deadlines, particularly if they paper io are tied to a book release or other events. The writer 2048 cupcakes or company must have a proven record of meeting deadlines.

Submitted by rishu01 on Fri, 11/03/2023 - 03:03


Our staff is prepared to meet you with professionalism and humility as you go through the door. We are accessible to our clients 24 hours a day, seven days a week. If you have any questions or issues about our Delhi Call Girls, please do not hesitate to contact us at any time readily.

Submitted by johnbabu on Tue, 11/21/2023 - 05:46


Are you looking for gorgeous as well as sensational Call Girl In Dwarka tonight? If of course, our Dwarka escorts are always all set to be with you in your house/ hotel for an outstanding experience. The crackling hot call girls in Dwarka are outstanding at various occasions and celebrations. They can be your girlfriend as well as performer to bring excitement to the session.

Submitted by Nadia Eira on Thu, 11/23/2023 - 04:36


This topic is very new, thank you for sharing. I have learned more about it. If you like action games and new challenges, you cannot miss this skibidi toilet game.


Submitted by lenkalee266 on Thu, 11/30/2023 - 22:17


Thank you for providing such useful information. I've been having trouble coming up with many questions about this topic slope game. I'll stick with you!


Submitted by johnbabu on Fri, 12/01/2023 - 01:34


Browse through the collection of females to select an entertainer based on your needs. The best thing is that the punctual ladies won’t keep you waiting for a long time. Aerocity Call Girl value our relationship with clients very seriously. We do everything to leave you happier with our Aerocity escorts. Moreover, our ladies are trained to handle the requests of customers. No one can fulfill lusty desires like our gorgeous ladies. Want to fulfill your lusty desires and imaginations? Call us to find a deserving partner for your enjoyment tonight.

Submitted by kaabir01 on Fri, 12/01/2023 - 02:14


Are you searching out Mahipalpur Escort Service who are professionally skilled, extremely encouraged and very price powerful? Then you have come to the proper region. Contact us nowadays to locate Mahipalpur  hot Female Escorts Mahipalpur .

Submitted by priya01 on Sat, 12/02/2023 - 00:52


Bhopal Call Girls is all set to satisfy these gusty feelings. You would never get a reason to reject our young college girl escorts because they can fascinate anybody by offering seductive services.

Submitted by meeloun education on Fri, 12/22/2023 - 02:06


遵守学术写作规范也是非常重要的。我们需要确保我们的英文Essay代写   符合学术界的规范和标准,如准确引用和参考文献的使用。遵守学术写作规范可以确保我们的论文具有高质量和信任度。

Submitted by raxela3840 on Tue, 01/09/2024 - 12:08


I want you to thank for your time of this wonderful read!!! Huurwoningen Beverwijk I definitely enjoy every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff of your blog a must read blog

Submitted by aditigupta on Fri, 01/19/2024 - 04:49


We also offer free home delivery of the models anywhere in Ghatta Village, so that you can have sexual fun at your convenience. Escorts In Ghatta Village also offer outcall services to your hotel or private residence in Ghatta Village. You can choose from a variety of girls according to your preferences, such as college girls, Russian models, VIP models, etc. All our models are professionally trained and follow all safety protocols for the ultimate pleasure of their clients.

Submitted by Suman01 on Tue, 02/13/2024 - 02:20


We have a great package that includes a range of services to choose from depending on your needs. We pride ourselves on providing you with escort services from a highly educated, extremely reliable network of trustworthy women with a charming and professional approach to provide the best experience.
Goa Escorts Escorts in Goa Escorts Goa Goa Escorts Service Russian Escorts in Goa Goa Escorts Agency North Goa Escorts Goa Call Girls Call Girls in Goa Goa Escorts Services Russian Escorts Goa Escorts Service in Goa Goa Russian Escorts Goa Female Escorts Goa Escort Goa Escort Service Escort Service in Goa Escort in Goa Escort Service Goa Russian Escort in Goa Escort Goa Escort Services in Goa Goa Escort Services Russian Escort Goa Goa Escort Girls

Submitted by tannuverma on Sat, 03/16/2024 - 12:24


Twin City Police Commissionerate's cyber cell has successfully dismantled an illegal escort service racket operating out of Rishikesh using Google ads as bait to draw customers into its trap. Police seized cash worth Rs 20 lakh as well as freezing multiple bank accounts belonging to those involved.
Rishikesh Escorts
Rishikesh Escort Service
Escort Service In Rishikesh
Rishikesh Call Girls
Call Girls In Rishikesh

Submitted by tannuverma on Sat, 03/16/2024 - 12:25


If you want a taste of girl to girl fun, Rishikesh lesbian escorts may be exactly what you are looking for. These women are highly innovative and creative when it comes to providing services to clients; their abilities can exceed your homosexual expectations for an unforgettable sex life experience!

Noida Escorts   Agra Escorts Nehru Place Escorts Delhi Escorts Delhi Escort Service Rishikesh Escorts Haridwar Escorts Goa Escorts Mumbai Escorts Ghaziabad Escorts gaur City Escorts Crossing Republik Escorts

Noida Escort Service Escort Service In Noida Call Girls In Noida Agra Escort Service Escort Service In Agra Call Girls In Agra Vaishali Escorts Vasundhara Escorts Kaushambi Escorts Mohan Nagar Escorts Vijay nagar Escorts Sahibabad Escorts Pari Chowk Escorts Laxmi Nagar Escorts

Twin City Police Commissionerate's cyber cell has successfully dismantled an illegal escort service racket operating out of Rishikesh using Google ads as bait to draw customers into its trap. Police seized cash worth Rs 20 lakh as well as freezing multiple bank accounts belonging to those involved.

Submitted by sarakhan01 on Thu, 05/23/2024 - 06:27


Saket Escorts service and solace with our consider escorts, to oneself so this time will be full delights is done now we has attempted to do it since he appreciates your flight sentiments with cash does it magnificently so rather than only a thank you, will comprehend that you are today at too much ground-breaking about accomplishing something, OK you don't get a handle on the how to meet us, get to the our escorts.
Saket Escorts Escort service in Saket independent Escorts in Saket Saket Escort Saket Escort service Escort service Saket female Escorts in Saket russian Escorts in Saket Saket Escort girls Escort Saket Escort in Saket Escorts in Saket Saket Escorts Agency Saket Escorts service shemale Escort in Saket Escort hospital Saket Escorts Saket cheap Escorts in Saket fortis Escort hospital Saket new Saket Escorts vip Escorts in Saket Saket shemale Escort Escort service in new Saket Escort services in Saket