Dietary Factors

At its inception more than a decade ago, the GDD 2010 focused on dietary factors with confirmed or probable etiologic effects on major chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer (21 dietary factors identified and included in total). GDD has since expanded in scope to characterize total diet in populations around the world, and now contains data on 51 dietary factors including 14 foods, 7 beverages, 12 macronutrients, and 18 micronutrients.


  • Fruits (g per day)
  • Non-starchy Vegetables (g per day)
  • Potatoes (g per day)
  • Other Starchy Vegetables (g per day)
  • Beans and Legumes (g per day)
  • Nuts and Seeds (g per day)
  • Refined Grains (g per day)
  • Whole Grains (g per day)
  • Unprocessed Red Meats (g per day)
  • Total Processed Meats (g per day)
  • Total Seafoods (g per day)
  • Eggs (g per day)
  • Cheese (g per day)
  • Yogurt (including fermented milk) (g per day)


  • Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (g per day)
  • Fruit Juices (g per day)
  • Coffee (cups per day) (1 cup = 8 oz)
  • Tea (cups per day) (1 cup = 8 oz)
  • Whole Fat Milk (g per day)
  • ​Reduced Fat Milk (g per day)
  • Total Milk (g per day)


  • Total Carbohydrates (% total kcal per day)
  • Total Protein (g per day)
  • Total Animal Protein (g per day)
  • Plant Protein (g per day)
  • Saturated Fat (% total kcal per day)
  • Monounsaturated Fat (% total kcal per day)
  • Total Omega-6 Fatty Acids (% total kcal per day)
  • Seafood Omega-3 Fatty Acids (mg per day)
  • Plant Omega-3 Fatty Acids (mg per day)
  • Dietary Cholesterol (mg per day)
  • Dietary Fiber (g per day)
  • Added Sugars (% total kcal per day)


  • Dietary Calcium (mg per day)
  • Dietary Sodium (mg per day)
  • ​Iodine (u​g per day)
  • Iron (mg per day)
  • Magnesium (mg per day)
  • Potassium (mg per day)
  • Selenium (ug per day)
  • Vitamin A with Supplements (ug RAE*/day)
  • Vitamin B1 (mg per day)
  • Vitamin B2 (mg per day)
  • Vitamin B3 (mg per day)
  • Vitamin B6 (mg per day)
  • Vitamin B9 (ug per day)
  • Vitamin B12 (ug per day)
  • Vitamin C (mg per day)
  • Vitamin D (ug per day)
  • Vitamin E (mg per day)
  • Zinc (mg per day)

*RAE - retinol activity equivalents

All dietary factors in the GDD have “optimal” and “alternative” definitions to maximize comparability of dietary intake across surveys and countries. Each individual survey undergoes a rigorous coding protocol to ensure all primary data are captured and incorporated into GDD as accurately as possible. For a complete list of our variables and definitions click here